Thinking of purchasing your first EV? Some things to know. They are safer cars; they are faster cars; they are super tech with cameras everywhere outside the vehicle giving a birds-eye view to the drivers and emergency help a finger touch away. They are inexpensive to run (think no oil changes nor transmissions). Just a battery; a motor; and you.
I have owned two Chevy Bolt EVS in Washington State. However, do not think you are escaping paying for your highways or decent union wages for Operating Engineers or Teamsters who maintain and build your highway systems, by not buying gas. You are not. EVs pay their way. Through special fees at annual registration. Here is a list of states and what they charge, annually according to the National Conference of State Legislatures:
California: $100 annual fee for a zero-emissions vehicle. Starting in January 2021, annual increases will be indexed to the consumer price index.
Colorado: $50 annual fee for full-electric and plug-in hybrid (PHEV) vehicles.
Georgia: $200 annual license fee for “noncommercial alternative fueled vehicles,” including EVs, but not PHEVs (unless the owner requests an alt-fuel license plate). The fee is automatically adjusted on an annual basis.
Idaho: $140 annual fee for EVs; it’s $75 for PHEVs.
Illinois: $100 annual fee for EVs beginning July 1, 2019.
Indiana: $150 annual fee for EVs; it’s $50 for hybrids and PHEVs.
Michigan: $135 annual fee for non-hybrid electric vehicles weighing less than 8,000 pounds; it’s $235 for those weighing more than 8,000 pounds. The state charges hybrid owners an extra $47.50 and PHEV drivers an added $117.50. These fees are indexed to the state gas tax and would rise incrementally if it is increased.
Minnesota: $75 annual fee on EVs.
Mississippi: $150 fee on EVs and a $75 fee on hybrids. Beginning July 1, 2021, these fees will be indexed
to the inflation rate.
Missouri: $75 annual fee on EVs, and $37.50 on PHEVs.
Nebraska: $75 annual fee on alternative-fuel vehicles, including EVs.
North Carolina: $130 on plug-in vehicles, including EVs.
Oregon: $110 annual fee on PHEVs beginning on January 1, 2020.
South Carolina: $120 biennial fee for EVs; it’s a $60 biennial fee for hybrids.
Tennessee: $100 annual fee for EVs.
Utah: $60 annual fee for EVs; it increases to $90 in 2020 and $120 in 2021. Hybrids are assessed a $10 fee that rises to $15 in 2020 and $20 in 2021. It’s currently a $26 annual fee for PHEVs that jumps to $39 in 2020 and $52 in 2021. In 2022 increases will be indexed to the consumer price index.
Virginia: $64 annual license for EVs.
Washington: $150 annual fee for EVs.
Wisconsin: $100 annual fee for EVs.