“I Really Appreciate Science. Technology and Cute Experiments are Cool, too!” – I will lay out what would be the sixth installment to the website. Looking at Einstein’s relatively simple equation equating Energy to Matter and mass, E=Mc^2, we saw that the speed of light is really the proportionality constant between the space dimensions and the time dimension. When a constant is multiplied to a constant, c*c = c^2 for instance, the product,c^2, is also a constant. This quantity c^2 is acting as a proportionality constant between energy and matter (what constitute mass).
What is matter? What is the nature of particles in spacetime? Whoa, that is a massive question (no pun intended). Here we skirt the speculative, but altogether rational realm based on recent experiments verifying the Higgs Boson and other particles. The Higgs Bosons are identified as the conveyors of mass to particles.
On thing that has been explored, mostly in theory and experiments like those that discovered the Higgs Boson, but also in astrophysical observations of distant galaxies, black holes, quasars, supernovas, and proto-galaxies through the use of ‘gravitational lensing’ or knotting of spacetime is the persistence of what are thought to be knots. The persistence of knots in 3D space so closely resembles the persistence of particles, that it suggests particles are nothing more than knots in spacetime! Now we begin to see the source of forces.
A knot of spacetime, a particle, is embedded in spacetime, and its twist will twist the surroundings locally. Think how a rope twists as you twist it in a spiral. That twist in turn twists, and the warp is propagated into the 3D distance. Gravitation, or the warping we call gravitation, is then just the consequence of the embedding into spacetime of its own knots. The greater the knot and knottiness of the object, the greater amount of Higgs Bosons travelling in their straight, uniform paths are “entrapped” and then exchanged, the greater becomes its mass, and greater its distant influence.